Pinto Capital Investments


Volatility: Meaning In Real Estate and How it Works

Real estate is a major asset class that can be affected by volatility. Understanding what this term means and how it works in the context of real estate investments can help you make smart decisions when investing. Volatility in the real estate market can be unpredictable, but with the right strategies, investors can take advantage of opportunities or protect their investment from downturns. In this article, we will explore what volatility is and how it affects real estate investments.

What is Volatility in Real Estate?

Real estate volatility means that the value of an investment can go up or down over time. We measure this by looking at how stable an asset has been in the past, and how stable it’s expected to be in the future. Things like the economy and how many properties are available to buy or rent can make the volatility go up or down.

When considering investing in real estate, it is important to understand how volatile the market is. Generally speaking, higher volatility means that prices are more likely to change rapidly over a short period of time. This could mean that an investor may need to sell quickly if prices drop suddenly. On the other hand, low volatility indicates that prices are more stable and less likely to experience large swings in value over a given period.

Industry experts generally consider real estate investments to be less volatile than stocks or other assets considered riskier than real estate mainly due to the illiquid nature of real estate. For example, while stock markets tend to experience greater fluctuations in price than real estate markets do, they also tend to have higher average returns over a shorter time compared with real estate investments. This makes them attractive for traders who are willing to take on more risk in exchange for potentially higher returns.

For conservative investors who prefer lower volatility investments, direct ownership of commercial multifamily real estate may be a better option than investing in stocks or other volatile assets such as cryptocurrencies or commodities like gold and silver. By understanding the level of volatility associated with different types of investments and taking steps to mitigate risk accordingly, investors can make informed decisions about which type of asset best suits their needs and goals when investing in real estate markets.

Understanding Real Estate as an Investment Class

Real estate investments are typically more illiquid than stocks and bonds, meaning that they can take longer to sell or be converted into cash. This can be good as economic news, FOMO or emotional buying/selling that routinely affects the stock market is less likely to affect real estate investments. Real estate investments can also provide investors with a steady stream of income through rental payments or cashflow as well as tax benefits, which may not be available with other types of investments.

Other key factors that affect real estate prices and market trends include economic conditions, population growth, job opportunities, interest rates, taxes, regulations and local infrastructure. 

  • Economic conditions play an important role in determining the health of the real estate market by influencing consumer confidence levels and spending power. 
  • Population growth can also have a significant impact on real estate prices as demand for housing increases in areas with growing populations. 
  • Job opportunities are another factor that affects real estate prices as people who are employed tend to have more money available for purchasing or renting homes. 
  • Interest rates also play an important role in determining how attractive it is for buyers to purchase a home since higher interest rates make it more expensive to borrow money for a mortgage loan. This same fact increases rental demand for apartments as buying becomes untenable. 
  • Taxes and regulations can also influence the cost of owning a home by increasing costs associated with property ownership such as property taxes or insurance premiums. 
  • Finally, local infrastructure such as public transportation systems or access to amenities like shopping centers can have an effect on the attractiveness of certain neighborhoods and therefore influence real estate prices in those areas.

Mitigating Risk in Real Estate Investing

Real estate investing is an attractive option for many investors, but it also carries a certain amount of risk. To mitigate this risk, investors should understand the fundamentals of real estate risk management and develop strategies to manage their investments.


A smart way to manage real estate risk is by diversifying your investments. Don’t put all your eggs in one basket! Instead, spread your money across different types of properties in different locations. This way, if one market or asset class takes a hit, it won’t devastate your whole portfolio. Before investing in any property, make sure to do your homework. This means digging into the financials and potential returns of each one. Don’t take shortcuts – thorough due diligence can help you avoid costly mistakes and future losses.

Market Trends

Another key strategy for mitigating real estate risk is understanding market trends and conditions. By staying up-to-date on current events and economic indicators, investors can make more informed decisions about their investments and better anticipate changes in the market that could affect their returns.

Finally, it’s important to remember that no investment strategy is foolproof; even with careful planning and research, there is always some degree of risk involved in real estate investing. However, by following these strategies and best practices for managing real estate risks, investors can maximize their chances of success while minimizing their exposure to potential losses.

Practical Considerations for Real Estate Investors

There are a number of key metrics and tools that can help measure volatility in real estate, such as vacancy rates, rental rates, absorption rates, and capitalization rates. Understanding these metrics can help investors assess the current market conditions and develop effective portfolio management strategies.

  • Vacancy rates are an important metric for measuring the current supply of available properties relative to the demand from potential tenants or buyers. A high vacancy rate indicates that there is more supply than demand in the market, while a low vacancy rate suggests that there is more demand than supply. 
  • Rental rates are another important metric for assessing volatility in real estate markets; they provide insight into how much tenants are willing to pay for rental properties.
  • Absorption rates measure how quickly properties are being sold or rented in a given market, which can indicate whether prices will rise or fall over time. 
  • Capitalization rates measure the return on investment of a particular property; higher cap rates typically indicate higher returns but also greater risk.


In conclusion, real estate volatility can have a significant impact on the success of an investor’s portfolio. It is important for investors to understand and monitor key metrics such as vacancy rates, rental rates, absorption rates and capitalization rates in order to develop effective strategies for mitigating risk while maximizing returns.

Anthony Pinto
Anthony Pinto
Anthony Pinto is the founder and CEO of Pinto Capital Investments (PCI), a real estate investment firm focused on acquiring affordable and workforce multifamily properties and apartment buildings through syndications. Since 2019, PCI has gone full cycle on 2 large apartment complexes (+100 units) with an IRR in excess of 85%.